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Angina

Angina is chest pain or discomfort that occurs because the heart muscle (myocardium) does not get enough blood and oxygen needed for a given level of work (insufficient blood supply called ischemia). There are two types of angina: stable, which can occur during physical exertion or under stress; and unstable, which can happen at any time for no apparent reason.

The most common symptom of angina is a pressing, squeezing or crushing pain, usually in the chest under the breast bone, but may also occur in the upper back, both arms, neck or ear lobes. Symptoms may also include pain radiating in the arms, shoulders, jaw, neck and/or back, shortness of breath, weakness and/or fatigue.

Chest pain associated with angina usually begins with physical exertion. Other triggers include emotional stress, extreme cold and heat, heavy meals, excessive alcohol consumption, and cigarette smoking. Angina chest pain is usually relieved within a few minutes by resting or by taking prescribed cardiac medications, such as nitroglycerin.

An episode of angina does not indicate that a heart attack is occurring or that a heart attack is about to occur. Angina does indicate, however, that coronary artery disease is present and that some part of the heart is not receiving an adequate blood supply. People with angina have an increased risk of heart attack.

The underlying coronary artery disease that causes angina should be treated by controlling existing risk factors: high blood pressure, cigarette smoking, high blood cholesterol levels, high saturated fat diet, lack of exercise and excess weight.

Medications such as nitroglycerin may be prescribed for people with angina.

Previous Page Last Review Date: August 14, 2019
Angina Team
Rahul Aggarwal, MD

Rahul Aggarwal, MD

Cardiology, Interventional Cardiology
Jupiter 33458
Erik Beyer, MD

Erik Beyer, MD

Cardiac Surgery, Thoracic Surgery
Fort Lauderdale 33313, Hialeah 33016, Delray Beach 33484
Vitalie Crudu, MD

Vitalie Crudu, MD

Cardiology, Interventional Cardiology
Miami 33150
Miguel  Diaz, MD, FACC, FSCAI

Miguel Diaz, MD, FACC, FSCAI

Cardiology, Interventional Cardiology
Hialeah 33016, Miami 33133
Matthew Klein, MD

Matthew Klein, MD

Cardiac Electrophysiology, Cardiology
Palm Beach Gardens 33410
Eric H. Lieberman, MD, FACC

Eric H. Lieberman, MD, FACC

Cardiology
Delray Beach 33484, Delray Beach 33484
Ricardo L. Machado, MD, FACC

Ricardo L. Machado, MD, FACC

Cardiology
Hialeah 33016
Brijeshwar Maini, MD, FACC

Brijeshwar Maini, MD, FACC

Cardiology, Interventional Cardiology
Delray Beach 33484, Palm Beach Gardens 33410, Lauderdale Lakes 33313, West Palm Beach 33409
Jose L. Marquez, MD, FACC

Jose L. Marquez, MD, FACC

Cardiology, Interventional Cardiology
Miami 33133
Vianka Perez, DO

Vianka Perez, DO

Cardiology
Hialeah 33016, Hialeah 33016, Miami 33133
Jose R. Pinero, MD, FACC

Jose R. Pinero, MD, FACC

Cardiology
Hialeah 33016
Jaime J. Sanchez, MD, FACC

Jaime J. Sanchez, MD, FACC

Cardiology
Hialeah 33016
Jonathan J. Vafai, MD, FACC, FASE

Jonathan J. Vafai, MD, FACC, FASE

Cardiology
Delray Beach 33484, Delray Beach 33484
Craig D. Vogel, DO, FACC, FACP

Craig D. Vogel, DO, FACC, FACP

Cardiology
Jupiter 33458
Arthur P. Weiner, MD, FACC

Arthur P. Weiner, MD, FACC

Cardiology, Interventional Cardiology
Delray Beach 33484
David Weisman, MD, FHRS

David Weisman, MD, FHRS

Cardiac Electrophysiology, Cardiology
West Palm Beach 33401, Palm Beach Gardens 33410