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Hypertension

Blood pressure is the force of the blood pushing against the artery walls. The force is generated with each heartbeat as blood is pumped from the heart into the blood vessels.

Two numbers are recorded when measuring blood pressure. The top number, or systolic pressure, refers to the pressure inside the artery when the heart contracts and pumps blood through the body. The bottom number, or diastolic pressure, refers to the pressure inside the artery when the heart is at rest and is filling with blood.

High blood pressure, known as hypertension, directly increases the risk of heart attack and stroke. With high blood pressure, the arteries may have an increased resistance against the flow of blood, causing the heart to pump harder to circulate the blood. Usually, high blood pressure has no signs or symptoms. However, you can know if your blood pressure is high by having it checked regularly by your health care provider.

Being overweight, excessive sodium intake and a lack of exercise and physical activity contribute to high blood pressure.

High blood pressure can be controlled by choosing foods that are low in sodium (salt); choosing foods low in calories and fat; choosing foods high in fiber; maintaining a healthy weight, or losing weight if overweight.

Sometimes daily medication is needed to control high blood pressure. If you have high blood pressure, have your blood pressure checked routinely and see your doctor to monitor the condition.

Previous Page Last Review Date: August 14, 2019
Hypertension Team
Rahul Aggarwal, MD

Rahul Aggarwal, MD

Cardiology, Interventional Cardiology
Jupiter 33458
Vitalie Crudu, MD

Vitalie Crudu, MD

Cardiology, Interventional Cardiology
Miami 33150
Miguel  Diaz, MD, FACC, FSCAI

Miguel Diaz, MD, FACC, FSCAI

Cardiology, Interventional Cardiology
Hialeah 33016, Miami 33133
Mark Fisher, MD, FACC

Mark Fisher, MD, FACC

Cardiology, Interventional Cardiology
Delray Beach 33484
James Gardner, DO

James Gardner, DO

Cardiology
Jupiter 33458
Eric H. Lieberman, MD, FACC

Eric H. Lieberman, MD, FACC

Cardiology
Delray Beach 33484, Delray Beach 33484
Ricardo L. Machado, MD, FACC

Ricardo L. Machado, MD, FACC

Cardiology
Hialeah 33016
Brijeshwar Maini, MD, FACC

Brijeshwar Maini, MD, FACC

Cardiology, Interventional Cardiology
Delray Beach 33484, Palm Beach Gardens 33410, Lauderdale Lakes 33313, West Palm Beach 33409
Jose L. Marquez, MD, FACC

Jose L. Marquez, MD, FACC

Cardiology, Interventional Cardiology
Miami 33133
Jose R. Pinero, MD, FACC

Jose R. Pinero, MD, FACC

Cardiology
Hialeah 33016
Jaime J. Sanchez, MD, FACC

Jaime J. Sanchez, MD, FACC

Cardiology
Hialeah 33016
Jonathan J. Vafai, MD, FACC, FASE

Jonathan J. Vafai, MD, FACC, FASE

Cardiology
Delray Beach 33484, Delray Beach 33484
Craig D. Vogel, DO, FACC, FACP

Craig D. Vogel, DO, FACC, FACP

Cardiology
Jupiter 33458
Arthur P. Weiner, MD, FACC

Arthur P. Weiner, MD, FACC

Cardiology, Interventional Cardiology
Delray Beach 33484
David Weisman, MD, FHRS

David Weisman, MD, FHRS

Cardiac Electrophysiology, Cardiology
West Palm Beach 33401, Palm Beach Gardens 33410