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Valvular Disease

Heart valve disorders can arise from two main types of malfunctions: Regurgitation (leakage of the valve) or stenosis (narrowing of the valve). Heart valves can develop both malfunctions at the same time (regurgitation and stenosis). Also, more than one heart valve can be affected at the same time. When heart valves fail to open and close properly, the implications for the heart can be serious, possibly hampering the heart’s ability to pump blood adequately through the body. Heart valve problems are one cause of heart failure.

Mild valve disease may not cause symptoms. However, when symptoms do occur, they may vary depending on the type of heart valve disease present and may include chest pain, palpitations caused by irregular heartbeats, fatigue, dizziness, low or high blood pressure (depending on which valve disease is present), shortness of breath or abdominal pain due to an enlarged liver (if there is tricuspid valve malfunction).

Heart valve disease may be suspected if the heart sounds heard through a stethoscope are abnormal. This is usually the first step in diagnosing a heart valve disease. Further tests may include electrocardiogram (ECG or EKG), echocardiogram (echo), transesophageal echocardiogram (TEE), chest X-ray, cardiac catheterization or magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). In some cases, the only treatment for heart valve disease may be careful medical supervision. However, other treatment options may include medication, surgery to repair the valve, or surgery to replace the valve.

Previous Page Last Review Date: August 14, 2019
Valvular Disease Team
Rahul Aggarwal, MD

Rahul Aggarwal, MD

Cardiology, Interventional Cardiology
Jupiter 33458
Erik Beyer, MD

Erik Beyer, MD

Cardiac Surgery, Thoracic Surgery
Fort Lauderdale 33313, Hialeah 33016, Delray Beach 33484
Vitalie Crudu, MD

Vitalie Crudu, MD

Cardiology, Interventional Cardiology
Miami 33150
Miguel  Diaz, MD, FACC, FSCAI

Miguel Diaz, MD, FACC, FSCAI

Cardiology, Interventional Cardiology
Hialeah 33016, Miami 33133
Thanh Duong-Wagner, MD, FACC, FASE

Thanh Duong-Wagner, MD, FACC, FASE

Cardiology
West Palm Beach 33401, Palm Beach Gardens 33410
Mark Fisher, MD, FACC

Mark Fisher, MD, FACC

Cardiology, Interventional Cardiology
Delray Beach 33484
Eric H. Lieberman, MD, FACC

Eric H. Lieberman, MD, FACC

Cardiology
Delray Beach 33484, Delray Beach 33484
Ricardo L. Machado, MD, FACC

Ricardo L. Machado, MD, FACC

Cardiology
Hialeah 33016
Brijeshwar Maini, MD, FACC

Brijeshwar Maini, MD, FACC

Cardiology, Interventional Cardiology
Delray Beach 33484, Palm Beach Gardens 33410, Lauderdale Lakes 33313, West Palm Beach 33409
Jose L. Marquez, MD, FACC

Jose L. Marquez, MD, FACC

Cardiology, Interventional Cardiology
Miami 33133
Nishant D. Patel, MD

Nishant D. Patel, MD

Cardiac Surgery, Thoracic Surgery
Palm Beach Gardens 33410, Delray Beach 33484
Jose R. Pinero, MD, FACC

Jose R. Pinero, MD, FACC

Cardiology
Hialeah 33016
Jaime J. Sanchez, MD, FACC

Jaime J. Sanchez, MD, FACC

Cardiology
Hialeah 33016
Saurabh Sanon, MD, FACC

Saurabh Sanon, MD, FACC

Cardiology, Interventional Cardiology
Palm Beach Gardens 33410
Jonathan J. Vafai, MD, FACC, FASE

Jonathan J. Vafai, MD, FACC, FASE

Cardiology
Delray Beach 33484, Delray Beach 33484
Craig D. Vogel, DO, FACC, FACP

Craig D. Vogel, DO, FACC, FACP

Cardiology
Jupiter 33458
Arthur P. Weiner, MD, FACC

Arthur P. Weiner, MD, FACC

Cardiology, Interventional Cardiology
Delray Beach 33484