Blood flows out of your heart and into a large blood vessel called the aorta. The aortic valve connects the heart and aorta. The aortic valve opens so blood can flow out. It then closes to keep blood from returning to the heart.
Aortic regurgitation and aortic stenosis are conditions of the heart valve that may be repaired with aortic valve surgery. In aortic regurgitation, your aortic valve does not close all the way so blood leaks back into the heart. In aortic stenosis, your aortic valve does not open fully so blood flow through it is reduced. Based on your symptoms and overall condition of your heart, your doctor may decide that the diseased valve(s) needs to be surgically repaired or replaced. Aortic valve surgery to replace the aortic valve in your heart helps treat these two conditions.
Traditionally, repair or replacement of heart valves has involved open-heart surgery, which means that the chest is opened in the operating room and the heart stopped for a time so that the surgeon may repair or replace the valve(s).
Newer, less invasive techniques have been developed to replace or repair heart valves. Minimally invasive procedures make smaller incisions – and mean less pain afterward and shorter hospital stays.