If you have been diagnosed with a heart condition, your physician may suggest a non-invasive treatment or intervention. Known as interventional cardiology, these types of procedures apply non-surgical techniques to diagnose and treat certain conditions that affect the heart. These procedures use catheters (long, flexible tubes) that are threaded through a patient’s blood vessels. By doing so, the doctor can gather data about the patient’s heart condition, repair a damaged heart valve, or clear clogged arteries.
Interventional cardiologists who perform these tests are trained in cardiology, and then continue on for further training in these specialized catheter-based procedures, such as angioplasty and stenting. These minimally invasive procedures involve small incisions, in addition to catheters, instead of traditional surgery.
Interventional cardiology often treats problems caused by deposits of cholesterol, fat, calcium, and fibrous tissue that can narrow and block arteries, preventing proper blood flow to and from the heart. These deposits are called plaque. These procedures are used to diagnose and treat such diseases as heart valve disorders, coronary artery disease (CAD), congenital heart disease (CHD), endocarditis, and peripheral artery disease (PAD).
Some of the procedures that interventional cardiologists perform include:
- Angioplasty/Percutaneous Coronary Intervention (PCI)
- Atrial fibrillation ablation
- Cardiac catheterization
- Endovascular Aneurysm Repair (EVAR)
- Percutaneous valve repair
As with all medical procedures, there may be some risks involved, including bleeding at the catheter site, blood clots, heart attack or stroke. Interventional cardiology procedures may not be recommended for all heart patients and decisions about interventional treatments are made on a patient-by-patient basis. In some cases, treatment with medications or conventional heart surgery is a better option. Your Tenet Florida Physician Services cardiac specialists will go over the potential risks with you and help determine what course of treatment is best for you.
If you were recently diagnosed with heart disease, need a second opinion or you’re looking for a highly skilled, compassionate heart specialist, you can find the care you need at Tenet Florida Physician Services. The Tenet Florida Physician Services network of interventional cardiologists includes some of the leading physicians in South Florida. When you mention any heart-related symptoms to your primary care doctor, ask to be referred to South Florida’s dedicated team of highly skilled interventional cardiologists.
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